In Bulgaria, the Labor Code is the main source for the labor legislation, originally adopted in 1985 and amended several times.
The labor agreement in Bulgaria is signed by the employee and the employer prior to commencing the job and presents to the employee the work obligations, more specifically the job description. If the labor contract stipulates conditions less favorable for the employees than the ones provided by the law, the contract is null. This is the reason why such a labor agreement has specific requests in regards to the writing format.
Details about the content of a contract
All labor agreements in Bulgaria must provide information that offers clarity to both parties involved in case of contract dismissal. The contract must be written.
Bulgarian labor law stipulates that the labor agreement can be either set for a fixed term or for an indefinite period. Usually, all contracts are being set for an indefinite time if no other mentions are made in regards to the duration of the contract. Unless an employee specifically requests, a contract made for an indefinite period cannot be transformed into a contract for a fixed term.
Fixed term labor contract
A fixed term labor contract is concluded for a period not longer than three years, it has completion of specified work and substitution for an employee absent from work. In addition, it cannot be concluded for less than 1 year or for temporary, seasonal or short-term activities. If the employee is still working for the company 5 days after the termination of the contract, the labor contract is automatically transferred into an undefined period contract.
The labor contract must contain details on schedule and working hours. In Bulgaria, a normal working day is 8 hours long, a workweek has five days and there are 40 working hours per week. When it comes to night shifts, the schedule is set between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. and the duration is 7 hours per day, with a maximum of 35 hours per week. All work performed outside the agreed working time is overtime.
Bulgarian labor code stipulates that each employee is entitled to a minimum of one lunch break of 30 minutes per day, listed in the contract. The Labor Code in Bulgaria also mentions the various types of leaves that the Bulgarian legislation provides, starting with a paid annual leave and including maternity leave, temporary disability or studies.
Termination of the contract
In terms of termination of the labor contract, it can be terminated either by both parties, or at the request of a single part, employer or employee.
Termination of the labor contract can be made in different ways, such as mutual agreement of the parties and, in this case, there is a notice period between 1 to 3 months, or by the employee, with immediate effect.
We can offer specific information on the labor agreement in Bulgaria. Contact our lawyers in Bulgaria for any specific information needed.
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