The Bulgarian family law governs family-related matters and domestic relations, such as marriage, civil unions and divorce, adoption, custody, guardianship and tutelage. The purpose of the Bulgarian Family Code is to protect and consolidate the family, protect the children and safeguard their interests.
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are prepared to answer any questions regarding family law in Bulgaria.
General provisions of the Bulgarian family law
The family-related matters referred to in the Bulgarian Family Code include, but are not limited to:
- the protection of the marriage and family;
- equality offered to both partners;
- special protection for the children;
- equality for adopted children;
- mutual respect and care within the family.
Under the provisions of the Bulgarian family code, both the husband and the wife have equal rights. The Bulgarian State offers conditions for the development of the family, protects the mother’s rights and offers assistance for bringing up children.
Marriage and divorce in Bulgaria
According to Family Law, only the civil marriage in Bulgaria
is legally binding. The religious ceremony has no legal effect. Both individuals must be over the age of 18 in order to conclude a marriage ceremony in Bulgaria. However, exceptions may apply and special authorizations are granted if both persons are minors.
Family Law stipulates that the married couple may file for divorce if the marriage is irreparable. There are two types of divorce in Bulgaria
: divorce by mutual consent and divorce by disruption of marriage.
Custody and adoption in Bulgaria
In case of divorce, the parent must present an agreement that establishes details such as the residence of the children, child support, alimony and family name. A Bulgarian Court will ratify the agreement if the child’s interests are protected.
Individuals that want to adopt a child in Bulgaria must be at least fifteen years older than the child. The age difference is not mandatory when a spouse adopts the child of another spouse. In Bulgaria, adoption between brothers and sisters and relatives of a direct line is prohibited. Regional courts are responsible for processing applications for adoption in Bulgaria.
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