The Bulgarian courts
are organized and governed according to the provisions of the Judicial System Act
. According to the legal provisions, the highest administrative authority in Bulgaria is the Supreme Judicial Council. Our Bulgarian lawyers
specialize in various legal issues and can help you if you need to address a court in Bulgaria.
The Bulgarian legal system is divided into first instance courts, second instance courts and the last instance court.
Types of courts in Bulgaria
The first instance courts in Bulgaria are regional courts and district courts. Regional courts are have the lowest level in the Bulgarian judicial hierarchy, are composed of judges and have a chairperson. District courts can act as first instance courts or as second instance courts for appeals against the decisions of the regional courts, if necessary. In district courts, cases are examined with the help of three judges, presided by the senior judge.
The courts of appeal are second instance courts and deal with appeals against decisions made by district courts within their territorial jurisdictions. The Supreme Court of Cassation is the last instance court in Bulgaria and the supreme judicial instance for criminal and civil cases. It has jurisdiction over the entire territory of Bulgaria and is located in Sofia.
Specialised courts in Bulgaria
The Specialised Criminal Court in Sofia deals with criminal offences generally committed by organised crime groups. The Specialised Criminal Court of Appeal deals with appeals made against decisions taken by the Specialised Criminal Court.
Military courts in Bulgaria examine criminal cases committed by generals, officers, non-commissioned officers and other individuals operating in the Bulgarian army during the time they were performing their duties in the army. For these types of cases, the second instance court is the Military Court of Appeal.
If you want to explore other options for settling civil disputes, our law firm in Bulgaria
can provide more information about arbitration and the Bulgarian Arbitration Court